last updated 7-26-2002

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Critical Thought and Religious Liberty

Evolutionary Biology
Evidence for Evolution
    Fossil Evidence
History of Evolution
Human Evolution

"All living plants and animals, including man, are the modified descendants of one or a few simple living things. A hundred years ago Darwin and Wallace in their theory of natural selection, or the survival of the fittest, explained how evolution could have happened, in terms of processes known to take place today. In this book, John Maynard Smith describes how their theory has been confirmed, but at the same time transformed, by recent research, and in particular by the discovery of the laws of inheritance."

"Previous editions of Evolutionary Biology were praised for their broad scope, synthetic overview, and even-handed treatment of controversial topics. The Third Edition, while maintaining these features, reflects the ever greater breadth and depth of evolutionary science by providing expanded treatment of many topics and by emphasizing the new intellectual and molecular perspectives that have revolutionized evolutionary studies in the last decade.… Reflecting its theme that evolution both draws on and illuminates all the biological sciences, Evolutionary Biology is the most comprehensive textbook in its field."

Evolution Links
  Access Excellence Bioforum
  BBC Evolution Homepage
  Darwin Day Program, The
  Evolution: Theory and History
  Harvard's BioLinks on Evolution
  National Center for Science Education
  PBS's Evolution Project
  Talk.Origins Archive, The
  World of Richard Dawkins, The

Evolutionary Biology

Introduction to Evolutionary Biology: by Chris Colby

Papers on the Biology and Evolutionary Theory: Talk.Origins Archive

Introductory Papers on Evolutionary Biology: from San Diego State

Evolution as Fact and Theory: by Stephen Jay Gould

Evolution is a Fact and a Theory: by Laurence Moran

Five Major Misconceptions about Evolution: by Mark Isaak

Introduction to Evolutionary Thought: by Dirk R.Walters

Evolution: A Context for Biology: by Donald Cronkite, et al.

Evolution, Science, and Society: by Douglas J. Futuyma

Evidence for Evolution

29 Evidences for Macroevolution: by Douglas Theobald

Taxonomy, Transitional Forms, and the Fossil Record: by Keith Miller

Science Teaching and the Search for Origins: by Kenneth R. Miller

Frequently Encountered Criticisms in Evolution vs. Creationism: by Mark Vuletic

Evolution: Converging Lines of Evidence: by P. Wesley Edwards

Segmentation and Vertebrate Origins: by Cliff Lundberg

Evidence for Evolution: An Eclectic Survey: by Chris Colby

Genes, Morphogenesis, and Evolution: by Alexander Spirov

Published works on Biochemical Evolution: edited by John Catalano

The Hidden Unity of Hearts: by Carl Zimmer


Evidence for Evolution: Biogeography: by David H. Fitch

Biogeographical Evidence for Evolution: by Steven J. Wolf


The "Information Challenge": by Richard Dawkins

Darwin's Untimely Burial: by Stephen Jay Gould
"Natural selection is the central concept of Darwinian theory—the fittest survive and spread their favored traits through populations. Natural selection is defined by Spencer's phrase 'survival of the fittest,' but what does this famous bit of jargon really mean? Who are the fittest? And how is 'fitness' defined?"

Life's Grand Design: Evolution as a Creative Force: by Kenneth Miller

Evolution and Random Genetic Drift: by Laurence Moran

Fossil Evidence

Transitional Vertebrate Fossils FAQ: by Kathleen Hunt

Papers and Information on Archaeopteryx: by Chris Nedin, et al.

Hooking Leviathan by Its Past: by Stephen Jay Gould
"The embarrassment of past absence [of cetacean transitionals] has been replace by a bounty of new evidence — and by the sweetest series of transitional fossils an evolutionist could ever hope to find. Truly we have met the enemy and he is now ours. Moreover, to add blessed insult to the creationists' injury, these discoveries have arrived in a gradual and sequential fashion — a little bit at a time, step by step, from a tentative hint fifteen years ago to a remarkable smoking gun early in 1994." (also in PDF Format)

Introduction to Cladistics and Systematics: by Rebecca Irwin

Segmentation and Vertebrate Origins: by Cliff Lundberg

Explorations: Flyin' Dinosaurs: by Kristin Leutwyler

Introduction to Punctuated Equilibria: by Wesley Elsberry


Evolution Makes Sense of Homologies: University of British Columbia
"Why would certain cave-dwelling fish have degenerate eyes that cannot see? Darwin made sense of homologous structures by supplying an evolutionary explanation for them: 'A structure is similar among related organisms because those organisms have all descended from a common ancestor that had an equivalent trait.' Ridley uses a specific definition of homology: 'A similarity between species that is not functionally necessary.' I interpret this as: 'A similarity between species that exists despite several plausible alternative traits that would function equally well.'"


Observed Instances of Speciation: by Joseph Boxhorn

More Observed Speciation Events: by Chris Stassen, et al.

History of Evolution

Darwin's Precursors and Influences: by John Wilkins

Darwin, Wallace and the Linnean Society: edited by J. W. Rachlin

Urbanowicz on Darwin: by Prof. Charles Urbanowicz

Biography of Georges Cuvier: UC Berkeley

Human Evolution

The Record of Human Evolution: by Eric Delson

Fossil Hominids: Evidence for Human Evolution: by Jim Foley

The Origin of Modern Humans: Michael F. Roberts

Fossil Hominids and the Evolution of Humans: by Lenny Flank

Up from the Apes: by Michael Lemonick and Andrea Dorfman

Out of Africa vs. Multiregionalism: by Tod Billings
"All anthropologist with few exceptions believe that the hominid line evolved only in Africa, and then spread out throughout the rest of the world. The focus of this debate however isn't where 'humans' in the interchangeable sense of simply 'hominids' evolved… rather where did our specific subspecies evolve?"

History of Man: Fossil Apes and Early Fossil Men: by Terry McAndrew


Origin of Life

First Cell: by Carl Zimmer

Darwinism: Science or Philosophy: by Michael Ruse

RNA and the Origins of Life: by Sean Henahan

The Beginnings of Life on Earth: by Christian de Duve

Self-Replication: Even Peptides Do It: by Stuart A. Kauffman

Where Do We Come From?: by Massimo Pigliucci

Turning the Corner in the Search for the Origin of Life: by Peter Wills

Statistics and Probability of Abiogenesis Calculations: by Ian Musgrave

Astrobiology and the Origins of Life: by Stanley Awramik

Self-sufficent Ribozymes and RNA: by James Kranz

Evolution and Philosophy: An Introduction: by John Wilkins

Radiometric Dating and the Geological Time Scale: by Andrew MacRae

Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Starting in the Middle: by Daniel Dennett

Explorations: Life Goes for a Spin: by Corey S. Powell

The Emergence of Intelligence: by William H. Calvin

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